Conradus III de Soltau, Prince-Bishop of Verden
Conradus de Soldano, Conradus de Soltow, Conradus Soltau, Conradus Soltaw, Conradus Soltawen, Conradus Solton, Conradus Soltow, Conradus Zolto, Conradus Zoltow, Conradus Pragensis, Conrad de Verden, Conradus Verdensis, Conradus Luneburgensis, Conradus Episcopus, Conrad von Soltow, Konrad von Soldano, Konrad von Soltava, Konrad von Soltow, Konrad von Zoltavo, Konrad von Zoltove, Konrad z Sołtowa, Konrád ze Soltau
* ~1350, Lüneburg 1407, January 11, Rotenburg
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Events

~around 1350: born at Lüneburg L=1345 N B W
~: he probably received his primary education in the St. Michael Monastery at Lüneburg N D W
~: Student in Prague, disciple of Henricus Totting de Oyta L A B
1367: appointed Provost of the Lüne nunnery, but not confirmed by pope Urban V N D W
1368, February 27: Magister artium, University of Prague L A N S B W I
~around 1370: studied Canon Law, University of Prague N
1372 – 1373: Dean of the Faculty of Arts, University of Prague A N W I
1375: Doctor in sacra pagina, University of Prague N W
~1377 – 1387: taught at the Faculty of Theology, University of Prague L=1378 N W
~1377 – 1379: wrote Super quattuor libros Sententiarum L B
~before 1379: wrote Argumenta veteris artis B
1381, March 26: Baccalaureus in Theology, University of Prague L=1383 B
1384 – 1385, Winter: Rector, University of Prague; L A N B W I at this time, the conflict between the Bohemian nation and the other nations outbursted in the University of Prague, leading to the exclusion of other nations; L N B W I also during this time, he took part in the comission for the case of Johannes Müntzinger, rector in Ulm University and, on this occasion, he wrote the Quaestio de articulis Johannis Müntzinger B
1387: writes Postilla Pragensis in Prague B
1387: Theology professor, University of Heidelberg L A N S B W
1387 – 1388, April 19: wrote Lectura supra Capitulum Firmiter Credimus at Heidelberg N B I
1389 – 1390: Together with Marsilius of Inghen he brought the Heidelberg rotulus to the Curia of Pope Boniface IX in Rome A
1390, March 19: Canon of the Omnium sanctorum Chapter in Prague Castle, canon of Hildesheim, Schwerin, Speyer and Worms N B I
1393, second half: Rector, University of Heidelberg A N D B W I
~: accused of heresy, but acquitted because of his treatise De summa Trinitate et fide Catholica / Firmiter credimus A D
1394, Autumn – 1395, Spring: while returning from Rome, he was captured for unknown reasons and held captive in Bruchsal N I
from 1395: gave up teaching and turned to diplomacy N D B=1399 W I
1397, January: he negociated in Rome for the Mainz Elect Johann von Nassau N W
1397 – 1398: after confirmation of the Archbishop of Mainz, Johann, he became Chancellor of the Archbishop of Mainz N W I
1399, August 8 – 1400, February 6: Prince-Bishop of Verden, named by the pope Boniface IX L A N S B W
1400 – 1402: he led the negociations with the Curia for the recognition of the Elector Palatine Ruprecht as German king N W
1400, February 6: relieved from Prince-Bishop of Verden duties by pope Boniface IX; provided as Prince-Bishop of Cambrai, but blocked by an incumbent appointed by the pope in Avignon N B W I
1400, June 5: he was at Fritzlar during the events which led to the killing of Duke Frederick of Brunswick-Lüneburg N W
1401, May 18: received the regalia as Prince-Bishop of Verden from king Ruprecht N W I
1402, September 25 – 1407, January 11: Prince-Bishop of Verden, confirmed by the pope N W I
on 1407, January 11: died at Rotenburg, burried in the Abbey of St. Michael in Lüneburg L A N D S B W I

Works

Conradus de Soltau, Postilla domini Conradi Saltow super Evangelia Dominicalia before 1374 D B
Conradus de Soltau, Argumenta contra conclusiones quaestionum Buridani de generatione et corruptione et de caelo 1377 A D B M
Conradus de Soltau, Quaestiones super quattuor libros Sententiarum Petri Lombardi ~1377 – 1379 L N S B M
inc.: Utrum per studium sacrae Scripturae acquiratur habitus alius a fide. Quod non, arguitur sic. expl.: ... quia, ut allegat Magister in littera, beatus Gregorius qui dicit quod reprobi usque ad diem judicii vident gloriam sanctorum quam nobis concedat qui sine fine vivunt et regnat in saecula saeculorum. Amen.
Conradus de Soltau, Argumenta veteris artis 1379 A B M
Conradus de Soltau, Quaestio de articulis Johannis Müntzinger 1384 – 1385 B M
Conradus de Soltau, Postilla Pragensis 1387 B
Conradus de Soltau, Lectura super “Firmiter credimus” / De summa Trinitate et fide catholica 1387 – 1388 L D S B M
Conradus de Soltau, An in Deo sit summa simplicitas. An Deus sit in praedicamento. An summa simplicitas sit Dei proprietas A
Conradus de Soltau, In De caelo A M
Conradus de Soltau, Glossa super Psalterium / Expositio Psalterii L N D B M
Conradus de Soltau, Sermo de sacramento Eucharistie M
Conradus de Soltau, Sermones L A B M
Conradus de Soltau, Contra clericos fornicantes B M

Persons

Thomas de Argentina OESA * ~1300 † 1357
Henricus Totting de Oyta * 1330 † 1397
Marsilius de Inghen * 1340 † 1396
Johannes Müntzinger * ? † 1417
Urbanus V Papa * 1310 † 1370
Bonifacius IX Papa * 1350 † 1404
Johann II von Nassau, Elector and Archbishop of Mainz * 1360 † 1419
Ruprecht III von Nassau, Elector Palatine, Roman-German King * 1352 † 1410
Frederick I, Herzog zu Brunswick und Lüneburg * ~1357 † 1400

Places

Soltau
Country: Germany ([de] Deutschland) ([la] Germania) Region (state): Lower Saxony ([de] Niedersachsen) ([la] Saxonia Inferior) District (district): Heidekreis Settlement (town): Soltau Geo: 52.983333 9.833333
Verden
Country: Germany ([de] Deutschland) ([la] Germania) Region (state): Lower Saxony ([de] Niedersachsen) ([la] Saxonia Inferior) District (district): Verden Settlement (town): Verden ([de] Verden an der Aller) Geo: 52.923333 9.235
Lüneburg
Country: Germany ([de] Deutschland) ([la] Germania) Region (state): Lower Saxony ([de] Niedersachsen) ([la] Saxonia Inferior) District (district): Lüneburg Settlement (town): Lüneburg Geo: 53.2525 10.414444
Rotenburg
Country: Germany ([de] Deutschland) ([la] Germania) Region (state): Lower Saxony ([de] Niedersachsen) ([la] Saxonia Inferior) District (district): Rotenburg (Wümme) Settlement (town): Rotenburg ([de] Rotenburg an der Wümme) Geo: 53.106944 9.396944
Prague
Country: Czech Republic ([cs] Česká republika) ([la] Cechia/Bohemia) District (district): Prague ([cs] Hlavní město Praha) Settlement (town): Prague ([cs] Praha) ([la] Praga) Geo: 50.083333 14.416667
Heidelberg
Country: Germany ([de] Deutschland) ([la] Germania) Region (state): Baden-Württemberg District (region): Karlsruhe Region ([de] Karlsruhe Regierungsbezirk) Settlement (town): Heidelberg Geo: 49.416667 8.716667
Bruchsal
Country: Germany ([de] Deutschland) ([la] Germania) Region (state): Baden-Württemberg District (district): Karlsruhe District ([de] Landkreis Karlsruhe) Settlement (town): Bruchsal Geo: 49.133333 8.6
Mainz
Country: Germany ([de] Deutschland) ([la] Germania) Region (state): Rhineland-Palatinate District (district): Urban District ([de] Kreisfrei Städt) Settlement (town): Mainz Geo: 50 8.266667
Fritzlar
Country: Germany ([de] Deutschland) ([la] Germania) Region (state): Hesse District (region): Kassel District (district): Schwalm-Eder-Kreis Settlement (town): Fritzlar Geo: 51.133333 9.283333
Rome
Country: Italy ([it] Italia) ([la] Italia) Country: Vatican ([la] Civitas Vaticana) Region (region): Lazio District (province): Rome ([it] Provincia di Roma) Settlement (town): Rome ([it] Roma) ([la] Roma) Geo: 41.903333 12.453333
Cambrai
Country: France Region (region): Nord-Pas-de-Calais District (department): Nord Settlement (town): Cambrai Geo: 50.1767 3.2356
Avignon
Country: France Region (region): Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur District (department): Vaucluse Settlement (town): Avignon Geo: 43.95 4.81
Ulm
Country: Germany ([de] Deutschland) ([la] Germania) Region (state): Baden-Württemberg District (region): Tübingen Region ([de] Regierungsbezirk Tübingen) Settlement (town): Ulm Geo: 48.4 9.983333

Bibliography

Zbigniew Chmyłko, Edycja kwestii I-IX i XI-XXI Komentarza Kondrada z Sołtowa do I księgi Sentencji Piotra Lombarda, in Acta mediaevalia, Tom. V, Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski, Lublin 1989, pp. 5–23
Hans-Jürgen Brandt, Konrad von Soltau, in New German Biography (NDB), Volume 12, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1980, pp. 531–532 <http://www.deutsche-biographie.de/pnd100964850.html>
Karl Ernst Hermann Krause, Konrad III., Bischof von Verden, in General German Biography (ADB), Volume 16, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1882, pp. 630–632 <http://de.wikisource.org/wiki/ADB:Konrad_von_Soltau>
Włodzimierz Zega, Filozofia Boga w ‘Quaestiones Sententiarum’ Mikołaja Bicepsa, Wydawnictwo IFiS PAN, Warszawa / Wydawnictwo Homini, Bydgoszcz, 2002
Hans-Jürgen Brandt, Universität, Gesellschaft, Politik und Pfründen am Beispiel Konrad von Soltau (†1407), in Les universités à la fin du Moyen âge: actes du Congrès international de Louvain, 26-30 mai 1975, Jozef IJsewijn, Jacques Paquet (eds.), Leuven University Press, Leuven 1978, pp. 614–627
Friedrich Stegmüller, Repertorium commentariorum in Sententias Petri Lombardi, Volume 1, N. 173–176, apud F. Schöningh Bibliopolam, Würzburg 1947, pp. 73–75
Lenka Malá, Konrád Soltau : Contra clericos fornicantes. Diplomová práce, Masarykova univerzita, Brno 2006
Konrad III. von Soltau, in Wikipedia <http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Konrad_III._von_Soltau>
Mirabile. Archivio digitale della cultura medievale <http://www.mirabileweb.it/author/conradus-de-soltau-v-1368-m-11-1-1407-author/22877>
DI 24, Lüneburg: St. Michaeliskloster, Kloster Lüne, Nr. 14† (Eckhard Michael), in www.inschriften.net <http://www.inschriften.net/lueneburg-kloester-michaelis-und-luene/inschrift/nr/di024-0014.html>
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